Parkinson disease is a progressive degenerative condition of the brain where neurons of a particular area, some of which produce dopamine, are depleted. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that transmits information regarding movement, learning, behavior, cognition etc. The reduction in dopamine therefore affects motor function which is the cardinal feature of Parkinsonism.
The exact causes to why these neurons deplete and die are not understood. Genetic mutations may be a cause. Environmental toxins may also trigger the condition.
There is no diagnostic test specific for Parkinsonism and hence the diagnosis is made by clinical examination.
Parkinsonism is a condition where movement is affected and hence is a Vaatha roga called as Kampa Vaatha. Kampaimplies the tremor associated with the condition. Both internal medications and external therapies are essential to break the pathology of the condition. Suitable Panchakarma therapies, which are the five cleansing therapies of Ayurveda, will be very effective to eliminate the accumulated toxins in body. The protocol of treatment involves internal medications to enhance digestion, clear the channels of circulation, break down aama (accumulated toxins in body) and regulate function of vaatha dosha are given. The wide range of formulations includes decoctions, powders, medicated ghee, confections, pills, etc. Internal administration of ghee medicated with brain tonics is specifically important here. The procedure is called as Snehapaana. Along with them the following external therapies are performed:
Among the five Panchakarma procedures, the two that are most effective here are:
1. Nasya: It is a procedure where medicine is instilled into nostrils. It is very effective to restore brain functions
2. Vasthi: Enema therapy, it is the most effective therapy to curb Vaatha dosha.
Specific procedures to the head can also be employed here. They include Shiro Vasthi, Shiro pichu and Talam
Accumulation of toxins in body is the primary cause of imbalance in body functions. Seasonal elimination of these toxins through Panchakarma is advised in Ayurveda for the prevention of ailments. Another cause for occurrence of such conditions is suppression of natural urges like urination, defecation, vomiting, hunger, thirst, tear, sleep etc. Our present life style forces us to push such natural urges for later, to accomplish other goals. A well disciplined lifestyle as per Ayurveda, regular exercise and healthy diet will definitely prevent such conditions. After all, prevention is better than cure. Hospitalization and a systematic management, proper after care and regular follow up will improve the symptoms of Parkinsonism considerabily.
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