Myasthenia gravis is a grave neuromuscular disorder, precisely a disorder of the neuromuscular junction, where the acetylcholine receptors in muscles which should receive information from acetylcholine (a neurotransmitter), are destroyed or blocked by an autoimmune reaction. Due to this block in neuromuscular transmission, the muscles do not receive information from the brain and get weakened. It is a progressive disorder which particularly affects muscles of eye, neck, face, mouth and throat. The condition is more prevalent in women during younger ages and in men during older ages. Management aims at strengthening the muscles, delaying the progression of the condition and improving the general state of the patient.
Myasthenia gravis is a condition resulting in weakness and reduced activity which indicates that the function of Vaathais obstructed. Thus it is an Aavaranaja Vaatha vyadhi and the aavarana is more with Kapha dosha. Therapies that can break aavarana and regulate normal flow of Vaatha must be done along with safeguarding the digestive fire and maintaining immunity.
Internal medications for enhancing the digestive capacity and for breaking down aama are administered as an initial step. Further medications to regulate the immunity of the patient are also given. Along with these, suitable external therapies and any of the five cleansing therapies of Ayurveda, called as Panchakarma, are administered as per the symptoms shown by the patient. This will help to break the pathology of the condition by normalizing the flow of Vaatha dosha.
Following are the external therapies suiting the condition:
Since in most cases eye muscles are affected, specific treatment procedures to the eyes are done here. They include:
Hospitalization and a systematic follow up on a regular basis will be
necessary for notable changes. The general condition of the patient can be definitely improved and quality of life can be increased. Along with the above therapies proper after care with suitable diet and practice of yoga is required. Rasayana or rejuvenation therapy should be sought to after the general course of treatment to revitalize the body tissues.
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