Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder of the brain and spinal cord where the body attacks the protective myelin sheath covering the nerves thereby hindering the transmission of impulses. The result is that the central nervous system features patches of demyelination due to loss of myelin sheath and communication between brain and body is disrupted. Fatigue, numbness, weakness, vision impairment, etc are the general features exhibited. The condition usually manifests in adulthood and females tend to be more prone to it. The condition can be treated well in the initial stages and later stages can be managed with proper rehabilitation techniques. Delaying progression and recurrence of the condition is also the aim of treatment.
As usual in most auto immune disorders the exact causes are unknown. Genetics tend to play a role even though it is not very significant. Environmental factors may also trigger the condition.
The features depend upon the area of central nervous system where the damage has occurred and therefore it varies considerably from one person to another. Relapses or deterioration in condition after a temporary relief or exacerbation, and remission or decline in symptoms or recovery periods are shown by this condition.
Fatigue is the most common symptom and
Four types are recognized for the condition as follows:
Just as the term suggests there is period of relapses and remissions in between
The duration between attacks and severity varies from person to person
Symptoms gradually worsen with time without a period of remission in between
Most difficult to treat and leads to disability earlier than others
Characterized by steady decline in the condition with acute relapses
Earlier detection enables good prognosis whereas diagnosis after complete damage of the nerve may not bring good result. But brain is always a mystifying organ and new pathways can be developed by various stimulating treatments whereby improvement can be expected. This aspect is called as neuroplasticity.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease where conduction of nerve impulses is affected which means that that it is a disorder due to aggravation of Vaatha dosha. This aggravation can be due to a number of reasons, the main reason being agni mandya and formation of aama. Agni mandya is the impairment in digestive capacity leading to reduced digestion of food consumed. This creates undigested matter which on stasis becomes toxic to body and is called as aama. Aama obstructs the pathways of circulation and brings derangement in the balance of body humors. Here, obstruction to the flow and aggravation of vaatha occurs. Thus it can be considered as an aavaranaja vaatha vyadhi. Moreover, suppression of natural urges and failure to seasonally eliminate accumulated toxins in body can be a reason for the aggravation of vaatha dosha. A judicious plan of treatment according to the condition of the patient can bring good results.
Maintaining a healthy diet suiting the condition of the patient is very essential
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