Pain in the knee joint is a common complaint associated with conditions like arthritis, trauma, obesity, meniscal tears etc. The pain may be associated with swelling, redness, stiffness and restriction of movements of the joint depending upon the underlying pathology. The management differs depending upon the cause of pain.
The cause of knee pain is diagnosed by:
Knee pain is called as Jaanu shoola as per Ayurveda and is primarily due to aggravation of Vaatha. The condition is quite serious since jaanu is one of the vital points of body called as marma. The protocol of management differs as per the underlying cause of the disease.
Management of degenerative changes in Knee joint
Reducing the underlying inflammation and acute pain is the initial step of management. Then measures to enhance the ease of mobility of the joint are performed. Various internal medications and external therapies are done to attain this.
Internal medications include a wide variety of formulations like decoctions, powders, ghee, confections, pills etc prepared from herbal, animal origin as well as mineral origin products. They are subjected to specific processing techniques to make them therapeutically useful and assimilative to the body.
External therapies include the following:
Management of traumatic conditions and meniscal tear
Here, the healing of injury is given prime importance and hence medicines that promote repair of tissues and are nourishing are selected here.
Weight reduction is ideal in obese patients since Knee joint is a prime weight bearing joint. Dietary regulations, yoga and exercises are to be practiced here.
Generally avoidance of excessively cold and excessively dry foods is advised. Hospitalization and regular follow up will bring a promising relief in chronic conditions.
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