November 25, 2016
Sinusitis is a condition where the lining of air filled cavities of head; called sinuses becomes inflamed. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) flourish and cause infections.
Sinusitis can be classified by the sinus cavity which it affects:
- Maxillary – can cause pain or pressure in the cheek area (e.g., toothache or headache)
- Frontal – can cause pain or pressure in the frontal sinus cavity (located above eyes), headache, particularly in the forehead
- Ethmoidal – can cause pain or pressure pain between/behind the eyes, the sides of the upper part of the nose and headaches
- Sphenoidal – can cause pain or pressure behind the eyes, but often refers to the skull vertex (top of the head), over the mastoid processes, or the occiput (back of the head)
Causes – allergies, nasal polyps, upper respiratory tract infections, weakened immune system, exposure to cold, dust etc
- Greenish or yellowish discharge from nose
- Reduced sense of smell
- Foul breath
- Blocked nose
Ayurveda considers sinusitis as dushta pratisyaya and was considered as a common, yet difficult disease since ancient times. The ahara (dietetics) and regimen directly influence the doshic vitiation in this condition
- Panchakarma therapy suitable for this is nasya, specifically sodhana nasya to expel the contents of sinus. Various herbal extracta, oils, powders etc can be used for this purpose
- Inhalation of herbally infused steam and various types of inhalant therapies are useful for drying up the residual fluid.
- Once the fluid and infected mucus has drained, medicated ghee can be taken internally in small doses to prevent recurrence
- Externally various types of dhara can be done.
- Intake of medicines such as dasamoola katutrayam, amruthotharam kasayam, gugguluthiktakam kasayam, varanadi ksheeraghrta, sirah suladi vajrarasa etc depending upon symptomatology
- Jalaneti ( yogic nasal cleansing) with lukewarm saline water purifies nasal and sinus pathways
- Avoiding diet such as milk, milk products, cold foods, chocolates, icecream
- Avoiding exposure to cold winds, airconditioning,swimming, inactivity etc
- Pranayama – rechak purvak pranayama, bhastrika pranayama etc can help relieve the nasal passage
- Yoga – halasana, paschimottanasana, sarvangasana, shirshasana, adhomukha svanasana
Ayurveda is highly effective in removing kapha from the congested upper respiratory tract and provides relief from the congestion and throbbing pain.